In New York State, you might be able to have your criminal record sealed, provided that certain requirements are met. After all, having a criminal record can present various types of barriers to purchasing a home, securing a new job, obtaining a loan, or renting an apartment. You might be interested in pursuing the option of sealing your criminal record. To determine if you are eligible for sealing your record, it can help speak with a knowledgeable New York state attorney.

 

Expungement in New York

 

New York State does not provide an option for people with a previous felony or misdemeanor conviction to have records expunged. New York’s Criminal Procedure Rules § 160.55 permits the destruction of arrest records as well as the sealing of prosecution paperwork associated with many criminal and traffic violations. For some felonies and misdemeanors, however, these records are permanent.

While a New York lawyer cannot help you expunge a criminal record, it might be possible to seal a criminal record, which provides similar benefits as expungement. Having a criminal record sealed means that the information is considered confidential, even though the records are not destroyed. In most cases, following the sealing of records, only you and your attorney will access them. There are, however, some situations in which sealed records might be shared with others, like when jobs specifically require background checks of sealed records.

 

Eligibility for Record Sealing

 

There are several situations in which a person is eligible for record sealing, which include the following:

 

  • Arrest records. A person might have an arrest record sealed if their case was terminated in their favor. This includes when cases are dismissed, dropped, or vacated, and situations in which a person was acquitted at trial or a conviction was set aside.
  • Drug convictions. Some drug crime records can be sealed if a person successfully completes either an approved treatment or a judicial diversion program.
  • Non-criminal offenses. Record sealing is possible for many noncriminal offenses, including disorderly conduct violations and traffic infractions. Many times, these records are automatically sealed one year after a case is terminated.
  • Other felonies and misdemeanors. If a person is convicted of two or fewer misdemeanors or one felony and one misdemeanor, a record can often be sealed.

To qualify for these records’ sealing, a person must wait ten years after the sentence was imposed or ten years after release if the person was incarcerated.

Another offense often requested for sealing are juvenile records. While many juvenile records seal automatically, this is not always the case. If your juvenile records do not seal, an experienced attorney can help.

 

A New York Lawyer can Help With Record Sealing

An experienced attorney can help you with each step of the record sealing process, which tends to involve the following:

  • Completing an application and attaching any necessary supporting documents might include a Certificate of Disposition for the offense.
  • Submitting the application to the applicable court. If the judge who heard the case is still at the same court, the application will be directly addressed to this judge.
  • Submitting copies of the application to the District Attorney for the county where the offense happened. Sometimes, the District Attorney will object to the application, but an attorney can help in these situations.
  • Provided that the judge does not deny the application, the judge might request a hearing.
  • If the matter proceeds to a hearing, your lawyer will present the most compelling evidence possible to support why the record should be sealed.
  • The judge will eventually issue a ruling, either denying or granting the sealing of records.

 

Even though it is possible to complete this process independently, a skilled lawyer knows what it takes to make sure that your application is as strong as possible. This maximizes your chance of receiving a favorable result.

In situations in which an application proceeds to a hearing, the services of an attorney are invaluable. Judges and District Attorneys are highly skilled at finding flaws in applications’ arguments, but lawyers can greatly reduce this possibility. From start to finish, a dedicated New York lawyer will remain committed to presenting the best argument possible to convince a judge and District Attorney to seal your record.

 

Obtain the Services of a Skilled Criminal Defense Attorney

If you are interested in expunging or sealing a record, understand that it is often a difficult process. Schedule an initial free consultation with Nave Law Firm today by calling 855-349-NAVE (6283)

 
 

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Bill Cosby Released From Prison: But Why?

Bill Cosby has been released from prison. He walks among us again as a free man.

 

No, it’s not because he already served his sentence. It’s not because he was granted parole from his conviction, either. Nor did Pennsylvania’s Governor grant a pardon or issue clemency. Instead, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court overturned Cosby’s conviction on appeal.

 

Cosby had reached an agreement with a former prosecutor, Bruce Castor, under which Cosby was not to be criminally charged for the incident which eventually resulted in his 2018 conviction. Castor has gained more recent notoriety as being a member of former President Donald Trump’s legal team during his second impeachment trial. In short, though, Castor, while chief prosecutor for Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, had reached a deal with Cosby under which Castor agreed to grant Cosby immunity from all prosecution related to the incident if Cosby agreed to testify at a civil trial initiated by his accuser, which was to take place in 2005.

 

That accuser was Andrea Constand. Constand accused Cosby of drugging and molesting her at his estate in 2004. At the time, Constand was a Temple University employee, a former professional basketball player who had risen to be the head of basketball operations at the university. Castor chose to grant Cosby immunity from prosecution because he felt prosecutors would have difficulty confirming the forensic evidence from the case, without Cosby’s prior admission to the crimes, at trial.

 

Instead, by granting Cosby immunity from prosecution, Castor sought to force Cosby’s hand into testifying at Constand’s civil trial against him. As the Pennsylvania Supreme Court wrote in its decision, “Seeking ‘some measure of justice’ for Constand, D.A. Castor decided that the Commonwealth would decline to prosecute Cosby for the incident involving Constand, thereby allowing Cosby to be forced to testify in a subsequent civil action, under penalty of perjury, without the benefit of his Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination.” Cosby relied on this immunity while testifying at Constand’s civil trial. As the Pennsylvania Supreme Court noted, he “proceeded to provide four sworn depositions. During those depositions, Cosby made several incriminating statements.”

 

Yet, years later, a new prosecutor was elected in Montgomery County. Feeling unbound by his predecessor’s immunity agreement with Cosby, new District Attorney Kevin Steele brought charges against Cosby related to the 2004 incident with Constand.

 

At trial on those charges, Steele and his office used Cosby’s incriminating testimony at Constand’s 2005 civil trial against him. In fact, his testimony became a cornerstone of the People’s case. Ultimately, Cosby was convicted on three counts of aggravated indecent assault in April 2018. He was sentenced to a term of three to ten years in prison.

 

On appeal, however, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court found an issue with the revocation of Cosby’s immunity agreement simply because a new prosecutor had taken office. As the Court wrote, “When an unconditional charging decision is made publicly, and with the intent to induce action and reliance by the defendant, and when the defendant does so to his detriment (and in some instances upon the advice of counsel), denying the defendant the benefit of that decision is an affront to fundamental fairness, particularly when it results in a criminal prosecution that was foregone for more than a decade. No mere changing of the guard strips that circumstance of its inequity…A contrary result would be patently untenable. It would violate long-cherished principles of fundamental fairness. It would be antithetical to, and corrosive of, the integrity and functionality of the criminal justice system that we strive to maintain.”

 

The Court concluded, then, that “For these reasons, Cosby’s convictions and judgment of sentence are vacated, and he is discharged.”

 

Cosby was released from prison yesterday, shortly after the Court’s decision was announced. A spokesman for Cosby told reporters, upon his release, that “This is what we have been fighting for and this is justice and justice for Black America.” Sentiments were not shared by those in the Montgomery County District Attorney’s Office. Mr. Steele, in a statement released Wednesday, noted “Cosby was found guilty by a jury and now goes free on a procedural issue that is irrelevant to the facts of the crime…My hope is that this decision will not dampen the reporting of sexual assaults by victims. Prosecutors in my office will continue to follow the evidence wherever and to whomever it leads. We still believe that no one is above the law – including those who are rich, famous, and powerful.”

 

Prosecutors could still, should they so choose, seek to appeal the Pennsylvania Supreme Court’s decision. Such an appeal would be to the U.S. Supreme Court, and would likely highlight the issue of due process and argue that retrial of Cosby could be granted should the prosecution refrain from including his 2005 civil trial testimony. The U.S. Supreme Court may elect against hearing the case, however, given its highly publicized nature and its near singular focus on procedural matters.

 

Yesterday’s decision also gave hope to others entangled in the #MeToo movement’s eye-opening allegations of misconduct against prominent men. Harvey Weinstein’s legal team issued a statement following the release of the Court’s decision, highlighting the Court’s ability to follow the facts and the law under the pressure of a case that garnered much media attention. In sum, the Weinstein legal team noted, “This decision also reaffirms our confidence that the Appellate Division in New York will reach the similarly correct decision in Harvey Weinstein’s appeal, considering the abundance of issues that cry out for a reversal.” Weinstein had previously been sentenced to serve 23 years on rape and sexual assault charges.

 

The Pennsylvania Supreme Court’s decision overturning Cosby’s conviction can be read here: https://cdn.cnn.com/cnn/2021/images/06/30/j-100-2020mo.-.104821740139246918.pdf.

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Nave Law wins suit against City of Albany to protect Reverend’s civil rights.

 

As part of Nave Law Firm’s efforts to give back to the communities we practice in, our own Derek Andrews took action after reading a Times Union article about a local woman’s plight against a local government who stonewalled her efforts to obtain body camera recordings of an incident that involved her.

 

In 2019, uniformed members of the Albany Police Department wearing body cameras forcibly removed Reverend Cheryl Hawkins, a street-reach minister in the New York Capital District, from a public park as she preached and sang Christian hymns, for which she had received a special event permit from the City of Albany. That removal violated her constitutionally-guaranteed rights to free expression. As part of a lawsuit, her civil rights attorney requested those body camera recordings from the city through New York’s Freedom of Information Law but was rebuffed, having been told that they were protected and confidential because of Civil Rights Law Section 50-a.

 

Mr. Andrews helped both Ms. Hawkins and her civil rights attorney by filing an Article 78 special proceeding, a type of lawsuit, against the City of Albany and the Albany Police Department, claiming that they violated Ms. Hawkins’ right to free access to body camera recordings of that incident.

 

Although the city produced those recordings before the conclusion of the lawsuit, Judge David Weinstein of the Albany County Supreme Court agreed with Mr. Andrews’ arguments when he issued a decision at the end of 2020 stating that Ms. Hawkins had substantially prevailed and that the city was unreasonable in originally denying her access. That last part meant that the city Times Union Article, which resulted in a five-figure settlement. Ms. Hawkins will now continue her lawsuit against Albany for violating her civil rights.

 

When asked for comment by Reverand Hawkins, she responded:

“Mr. Andrews saw the Times-Union Newspaper Front Page Huge Article (February 17, 2020). He then contacted my attorney and wanted to see how he could help.  He felt that I was facing an injustice.  I was already paying another lawyer big money to represent me, and I could not afford a second law firm.  Derek then spoke with the leadership team with Nave Law Firm, and the team decided to take the case at no cost to me.  

I was so grateful that he believed in me enough to advocate for me and cared enough to help me at no cost.

The best part is that he WON THE CASE; he even won the city’s and the cop’s appeal filed in Albany County after winning the case.”

 

Nave Law Firm is grateful for the opportunity to have assisted Ms. Hawkins in her pursuit of justice.

 

 

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Decriminalizing Possession of Hard Drugs

Oregon seems to be leading the way in the war . . . on the war on drugs while New York falls further behind. In a more sizable margin than either Biden or Trump would secure in this election, nearly 59% of citizens in Oregon voted to decriminalize possession of small amounts of hard drugs like heroin and cocaine.

Their decision also supported greater access to treatment for those who need it, which is paid for by the tax proceeds from marijuana sales. New York took a step in the right direction when they decriminalized possession of marijuana last year, but they remain several steps behind a large swath of the country that has legalized marijuana possession outright, including our next-door neighbors. While legislators and Governor Cuomo are interested in legalization, it’s unlikely to happen in the next year or two. Here’s why the legalization of marijuana, and other drugs, is worthwhile: not only would it ameliorate years of disproportionate effects of criminal drug possession on communities of color but it would give those with addictions greater access to higher-quality treatment. It also wouldn’t hurt to make some money by taxing those “products,” which could prove to be cleaner and safer than those cut with harmful and toxic chemicals. By the way, we certainly don’t mean to imply that it should be legal to drive while impaired by a drug, whether it’s legal or illegal. Please don’t do that.

We’re only suggesting that the war on drugs was misguided and that Oregon, and other states who are following suit, are headed in the right direction. Let’s convince New York to do the same.

https://scoop.upworthy.com/oregon-becomes-first-state-decriminalize-possession-of-hard-drugs

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